It is far from a coincidence that generations have worn and loved Icelandic wool; it is a durable, reliable, and warm fabric. Its unique properties are the result of the island's unusual climate and location; its northern region is dominated by the Arctic Ocean and the south by the Gulf Stream. The convergence of these warm and cold waters creates a perpetually wet and windy climate subject to sudden changes in temperature. These conditions have driven sheep to adapt and so they grow world class wool.
The Vikings first brought sheep to Iceland 1100 years ago. There, the stock bred in isolation for centuries, their hair adapting to the harsh climate of the Arctic Circle. It became resistant to moisture, strong yet light, and soft yet requiring no special care. And because it preserves these qualities under all weather conditions, it makes a fabric perfectly suited for climates all over the world.
Yarn is manufactured from the fur of the best grade Icelandic long-haired sheep. The yarn consists of two layers: the outer layer is made up of fatty compounds which prevent the wool from getting wet, and the inner layer is fluffy and light and insulates from the cold. A correct ratio of these two layers results in a uniquely dense yarn that is lighter and stronger than any other hair.
From being exclusively powered by geothermal energy to minimizing chemical use in cleaning and dyeing, every step in the production process of Icelandic wool is environmentally sustainable. So even after treatment, the wool preserves its naturally inherent properties - heat, lightness, and water-resistance.
Icelandic yarn for hand and machine knitting is manufactured by a company called Istex. This yarn is then woven and knitted into fabrics. Clothes from Icelandic wool are unique and exclusive.
All of the small weaving and knitting mills in Iceland are members of the Association of Icelandic Woolmakers. Since the time of the Scandinavian sagas, the crafts involved in wool production (sheep shearing, carding, spinning and others) have played a prominent role in the day-to-day life of Icelanders. Today, modern masters preserve these centuries-old traditions and their intimate relationship with nature through improved industry techniques, high product quality, and a simple guiding principle: Great clothes for all seasons, all climates, and all conditions.