About wool

Wool is a natural fiber and a raw material for making felted items and yarn for knitting and weaving. In the spring and fall, wool is gathered from animals, washed, dried, sorted, scratched, and spun into thread. Shorn wool is called molt. Wool cut off with scissors from a live sheep is extensible, pliable and soft. Thanks to the twisting of fibers and their scaly structure, it provides good air flow and heat retention.

According to international standards, raw wool is obtained from the following animals: cashmere goats, alpacas (genus Lama), South American llamas, Angora rabbits, Angora goats, camels, and sheep.

There are several designations for wool quality. 'Natural wool' (Woolmark) contains less than 7% non-wool fibers while 'pure natural wool' contains less than 0.3% non-wool fibers. A license to use WOOLMARK and PURE NEW WOOL stamps is issued by the International Secretariat of Wool, an organization whose primary objective is to control the quality of raw wool.

Wool fabric is fairly resistant to stains and wrinkles, and while it does not absorb liquid water, it absorbs water vapor well (up to 40% of its own weight) and so retains heat well. In order to smooth wool fabric and eliminate unpleasant odors, it is enough to hang a wool garment in a humid room. Wool has also been prized for its medicinal properties. In the old days, people alleviated toothaches and headaches by wrapping the head with a wool scarf.

Due to its special properties being similar to those of human skin, wool maintains the microclimatic conditions that are optimal for the human body. In fact, the headwear of desert dwellers protects them from the scorching sun during the day and the cold during the night.